The Brno Castle took its name from the market spot on the nearby Svratka-Furt and was only first mentioned in 1091. Handicraft and trade activities grew quickly and freedom of the city was bestowed in 1243. It was already the stage for social unrest in the 15th and 16th centuries. In the confusion of the Thirty Years War (17th century) Brno made great opposition to the armies crossing Europe. The city developed into an industrial center in the 18 th century and in the next century it suffered further social disturbances. With the founding of the Czechoslovakian Republic in 1918 Brno became the center of the political, economic and cultural life of Moravia.
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