Its position at the end of a natural mountain pass between Central Europe and the Mediterranean has given great transport and military importance to the area for centuries. The Romans had already built the settlement Emona as a military garrison in 34 BC. In 1144 it was first known as Laibach and in 1146 as Luwigana and in the 10th century was owned by Mark Krain. From 1100 until 1269 it was the property of the Spanheimers and received freedom of the town in 1320. From 1461 as a bishopric, Laibach was in the 16th century the center of the Reformation in Slovenia. After 1848 Ljubljana became the cultural and political pivot of the Slovenian national movement.
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