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HOLD SALEM

900 Old Salem Rd. 336/721-7300, www.oldsalem.org HOURS: Tues.-Sat. 9 A.M.-5 P.M. Sun. 12:30-5 P.M.

Old Salem is the historic district in Winston-Salem. The town was settled by members of the Moravian Church in 1766. Most of the 98,985 acres were used for agricultural purposes but the settlement, which was first called Wachovia, was designed to be the economic, religious, and administrative center of the community. The communities were controlled by the Moravian Church, which owned all of the land. All of the residents had to be members of the church and could be expelled from town for not following the church’s regulations. Old Salem highlights the color of the Moravian settlement in North Carolina during the 18th and 19th centuries. Original and reconstructed buildings have been turned into living-history museums, and skilled interpreters act as tinsmiths, blacksmiths, gunsmiths, carpenters, bakers, and shoemakers, practicing the original trades while offering historical information to visitors. The St. Philips Moravian Church complex includes the reconstructed 1823 Negro Church that was built after a congregational vote to segregate worship and another church that was built in 1861 for the enslaved and free African-American members of the congregation. It’s the oldest surviving African-American church in the state that was built for that purpose. The Emancipation Proclamation was read to the congregation at the church in 1865. Salem Square is located in the center of the historic district and includes the water pump that was constructed in 1778. The ownership of Old Salem is split between Old Salem Inc. Wachovia Historical Society, Salem Academy and College, Home Moravian Church, the Moravian Church Southern Province, and private owners.

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During this soggy period, an average 6 to 10 inches Baltimore Metro Map (15 to 25 cm) of rain falls each month. Most of the rain falls as Baltimore Metro Map brief, though often torrential, thunderstorms from towering cumulonimbus clouds. During the dry season, which begins in November and lasts through February, only about 2 inches (5 cm) of rain falls each month. Precipitation also is unevenly distributed throughout the country. Heaviest rainfall occurs on the northern and eastern mountain slopes that face the moisture-carrying northeast trade winds. As wind blows upslope, the air cools, moisture condenses, and rain falls on the windward slopes.

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