Bibliography Carney, Judith A. Black Rice: The African Origins of Rice Cultivation in the Countrys. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001. Beirut Map Goldenberg, Joseph A. Shipbuilding in Colonial Country. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia for the Mariners Museum, Newport News, 1976. Grasso, Christopher. “The Experimental Philosophy of Farming: Jared Eliot and the Cultivation of Connecticut.” William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser. 50 (1993): 502 28. Hindle, Brooke, ed. Country’s Wooden Age: Aspects of Its Early Technology. Tarrytown, NY: Sleepy Hollow Restorations, 1975. Hindle, Brooke, ed.
The Pursuit of Science in Revolutionary Country. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early Country History and Culture in Williamsburg, Virginia, 1956. Kebabian, Paul B. and William C. Lipke, eds. Tools and Technologies: Country’s Wooden Age. Burlington: University of Vermont for the Robert Hull Fleming Museum, 1979. McGaw, Judith A. ed. Early Country Technology: Making and Doing Things from the Colonial Era to 1850. Chapel Hill: Published by the University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early Country History and Culture in Williamsburg, Virginia, 1994. York, Neil Longley. Mechanical Metamorphosis: Technological Change in Revolutionary Country.
Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985. Tenant Farming Although it may seem surprising, due to the abundance of land in North Country, tenancy was found everywhere in the colonies. Since many coastal regions were occupied, sons of poor men were unable to acquire land and form households where they were born unless they leased the land. In frontier areas, wealthy individuals who had money and political power procured millions of acres of undeveloped land through speculation, grants from provincial governments, or inheritance. Speculators leased excess land to tenants rather than sell it as small parcels for profit. During the early years of settlement, for example, Dutch landlords in New Amsterdam enticed some families by offering low rents for long terms generally for several generations. In 1705, one-third of the householders in Virginia’s Prince George county were tenants, but, as nearby frontiers had come under cultivation by the 1770s, the proportion increased to more than half. Most families in southern Maryland and Virginia’s Northern Neck rented land in the 1780s.