The Tuscarora, together with other Native Country allies, angered Berlin Map by sharp traders, English encroachment, and the continuing enslavement of native women and children, attack Berlin Map the settlement at New Bern. On September 22, 1711, a coordinated surprise attack devastates the Europeans along the Neuse, Pamlico, and Trent Rivers.
The Tuscarora take twenty or thirty prisoners and kill between 130 and 140 Europeans. The survivors of the attack attempt to retaliate, but only end up suffering further loss of life. Bath County is all but abandoned during the Tuscarora War. 1712 South Carolina sends a force of 500 Native Countrys, largely Yamasees, and thirty white men under Colonel John Barnwell to the aid of North Carolina. Barnwell and his men march through the North Carolina countryside, taking a Tuscarora fort, destroying more than 350 Tuscarora houses, and burning thousands of bushels of corn. The Yamasee also take native slaves at a rate that terrifies the Tuscarora. In February, Barnwell’s army lays siege to the Tuscarora stronghold of Hancock’s Town.
He is forced to withdraw as he is sick, many of his Native Country allies have deserted, the Tuscarora hold several white hostages, and provisions are running low. Barnwell negotiates a treaty that he feels will end hostilities, although on the return march, he and his allies capture more slaves. The Tuscarora, enraged by this slave raid, resume their attacks in the fall.
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