Caribbean Map

HISTORICAL IMPACT ON THE CARIBBEAN

Geographically and climatically, the Caribbean ties together; politically, culturally and economically, the Caribbean is more collage than community. The area is most notably divided between the British Commonwealth states and territories and those which are historically Hispanic, French, or Dutch. In much of the area, the Black/White syndrome, with its roots in slavery, permeates and complicates the differences. Three-fourths of the Caribbean people are at least partially descended from African slaves. The other quarter includes direct descendents of European colonists and East Indians and Chinese who came as indentured laborers after slavery was abolished in the nineteenth century. Economics, historical and current, serve to further differentiate cultures within the area. In 1961, there were only three independent Caribbean countries Cuba, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic. Together they contained three-fourths of the Caribbean population. In 1980, ten were independent.

The Caribbean is thought of as a tropical sea with typical flora, mood, and sea breezes. The tradewind blows constantly over most of the area. Sugar, coconuts, bananas, political instability, languor, passion, and poverty create the image.

FIGURE 7.4 Codes for cities bordering on the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico.

ANU Antigua, West Indies

BDA Bermuda

CCS Caracas, Venezuela

FDF Fort de France, Martinique

GUA Guatemala City, Guatemala

IAH Houston, Texas USA

KIN Kingston, Jamaica

MBJ Montego Bay, Jamaica

MEX Mexico City, Mexico

MGA Managua, Nicaragua

MIA Miami, Florida, USA

MID Merida, Mexico

MSY New Orleans, Louisiana, USA

NAS Nassau, Bahamas

PAP Port-au-Prince, Haiti

POS Port of Spain, Trinidad

PTP Pointe-a-Pitre, Guadeloupe

PTY Panama City, Panama

SAL San Salvador, El Salvador

SAP San Pedro Sula, Honduras

SDQ Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

SJO San Jose, Costa Rica

SJU San Juan, Puerto Rico

STT St. Thomas, Virgin Islands

STX St. Croix, Virgin Islands

TIJ Tijuana, Mexico

TPA Tampa, Florida, USA

As a tourist attraction, the area is seen as all of a piece, a view which is only partly valid. White sandy beaches, warm ocean water, the opportunity to swim and sail are major appeals. For North Americans, the Caribbean projects palm trees waving in balmy breezes, the limbo dance, straw markets, and new hotels set in scenic beauty. More recently, the Caribbean has become a tropical sea cruised by sleek vessels manned with foreign crews, providing groaning tables and continuous entertainment with a series of one- or two-day stopovers at exotic islands with freeport prices.

Caribbean Map Photo Gallery



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