Adams, Anna. Hidden from History: The Latino Community of Allentown, Pennsylvania. Allentown, PA: Lehigh County Historical Society, 2000.
Alicia, Juana. Work Details: A Woman's Place: http://www.juanaalicia.com/content/a-womans-place.
Photo Gallery of Philadelphia Bibliography
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Manuel Torres: The ‘Franklin' of the Southern World. ? Pennsylvania Legacies 3, no. 2 (November 2003): 11.
Bocella, Kathy, Alletta Emeno, and Dylan Purcell. A Mexican Migration. ? The Philadelphia Inquirer. Http://www.philly. Com/inquirer (accessed August 15, 2006).
Bowman, Charles H. Manuel Torres in Philadelphia and the Recognition of Colombian Independence, 1821-22. Records of the American Historical Catholic Society of Philadelphia 80 (1969).
Manuel Torres: A Spanish American Patriot in Philadelphia, 1796-1822.
Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography (1970): 26-53.
Castillo-Feliu, Guillermo I. Introduction to Xicotencatl. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1999, 1-6.
Garcia, Victor, and Laura Gonzalez Martinez. Guanajuatense and Other Mexican Immigrants in the United States: New Communities in Non-Metropolitan and Agricultural Regions. ? JSRI research report 47. East Lansing: Michigan State University, Julian Samora Research Institute, 1999.
Hispanic American League of Artists (HALA). Http://www.grupohala.com.
Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Http://www.hsp.org.
Latino Philadelphia at a Glance. Http://www.hsp.org/default.aspx?id=105.
Mexican Labor at Bethlehem Steel. Http://www.hsp.org/default.aspx?id=922.
Jones, Diana Nelson. Pittsburgh's ‘Invisible' Latinos are Emerging as Part of a National Population Explosion. ? Post-gazette. Com Magazine, 1999. http://www. Post-gazette. Com/magazine/19991003latinos1. asp (accessed October 3, 1999).
Kanellos, Nicolas, and Helvetia Martell. Hispanic Periodicals in the United States: Origins to 1960. Houston, TX: Arte Publico Press, 2000.
Kugel, Seth. Leaving New York, with Bodega in Tow. ? New York Times, October 19, 2006, sec. 11.
Mandell, Melissa M. La Prensa and the Mexican Workers of Bethlehem Steel. ? Pennsylvania Legacies 6, no. 2 (November 2006): 28-29.
Maraniss, David. Clemente: The Passion and Grace of Baseball's Last Hero. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2006.
Marshall, Genevieve, and Christopher Schnaars. The New Pennsylvanians: Hispanic and Born Elsewhere. ? The Morning Call Online, 2006. http://www.mcall. Com/news/specials/ all-a1_5censusaug15,0,5006206.story? Coll=all-special-more-package (accessed August 15, 2006).
McCadden, Joseph J. The New York-to-Cuba Axis of Father Varela. ? The Americas 20, no. 4 (April 1964): 376-392.
Moller, Maria. Philadelphia's Mexican War Workers. ? Pennsylvania Legacies 3, no. 2 (November 2003): 16.
Moller, Maria, and Kathryn E. Wilson. Images of Latino Philadelphia: An Essay in Photographs. ? The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 128, no. 4 (October 2004): 386-398.
Mural Arts Program. Http://cml.upenn.edu/murals/default.asp.
Salvucci, Linda. Supply, Demand, and the Making of a Market: Philadelphia and Havana at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century. ? In Atlantic Port Cities: Economy, Culture, and Society in the Atlantic World, 1650-1850. Eds. Franklin W. Knight and Peggy K. Liss. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1991, 40-57.
Merchants and Diplomats: Philadelphia's Early Trade with Cuba. ? Pennsylvania Legacies 3, no. 2 (November 2003): 6-10.
Taller Puertorriqueno. Http://www.tallerpr.org.
Taylor, Paul S. Mexican Labor in the United States. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1931.
Mexican Labor Colony at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. ? In Chicanos: The Evolution of a People. Eds. Renato Rosaldo et. Al. Minneapolis, MN: Winston Press, 1973, 372-375.
U. S. Census Bureau. Pennsylvania QuickFacts. Http://quickfacts.census. Gov/qfd/states/ 42000.html.
Vazquez, Victor. Tobacco, Trains, and Textiles: Philadelphia's Early Spanish-Speaking Enclaves, 1920-1936. Pennsylvania Legacies 3, no. 2 (November 2003): 12-15.
The Development of Pan-Latino Philadelphia, 1892-1945. The Pennsylvania.
Magazine of History and Biography 128, no. 4 (October 2004): 367-384.
Vega, Bernardo. Memoirs of Bernardo Vega: A Contribution to the History of the Puerto Rican Community in New York. Ed. Cesar Andreu Iglesias. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1984.
Warren, Richard A. Displaced ‘Pan-Americans' and the Transformation of the Catholic Church in Philadelphia, 1789-1850. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. 128, no. 4 (October 2004): 343-366.
Whalen, Carmen Teresa. Bridging Homeland and Barrio Politics: The Young Lords in Philadelphia. ? In The Puerto Rican Movement: Voices from the Diaspora. Eds. Andres.
Torres and Jose E. Velasquez. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1998, 107-123.
From Puerto Rico to Philadelphia: Puerto Rican Workers and Postwar Economies.
Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2001.
Wilson, Kathryn E. Building El Barrio: Latinos Transform Postwar Philadelphia. ? Pennsylvania Legacies 3, no. 2 (November 2003): 17-21.
WPSU Radio. Hispanic in Pennsylvania. ? What Matters. University Park, PA. August 8, 2006. www.wpsu.org/radio/audio/tuesdays/WM-060314.mp3.