Saudi Arabia is very hot and dry. Much of the country is made up of dry, sandy deserts. Here temperatures can reach as high as 130 degrees Fahrenheit ! The central part of the country gets no more than about 4 inches of rain a year, so only small plants can grow there.
A Saudi boy and his grandfather wade into the Red Sea at dusk.
The Saudi Arabia Land Photo Gallery
On the western side of the country, along the Red Sea, is flat, often treeless land called a plain. This area receives more rainfall.
The eastern side of the country, along the Persian Gulf, contains underground oil fields. This oil provides Saudi Arabia’s main business. In the southernmost part of Saudi Arabia is a large desert called the Rub al-Khali, or “Empty Quarter.”