The Roman colony Lugdunum was founded in 43 BC at the Foriere mountain and soon became capital of Gallia Lugdunensis. The ‘Pax Romana’, the Roman Peace Treaty, enabled citizens to promote trade. It has been the Archbishop seat since 2 AD. Lyons together with Burgundy was part of the Gaul until 1307 when it was annexed to the Kingdom of France. During the time of the Renaissance, Lyons developed for the second time with trade fairs, international financial agreements, and new industries (silk) into the second largest city of France by the 18th century.
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