The oldest area of the city of Zagreb is Kaptol, the seat of the bishopric, founded in 1094. The old Roman settlement Andautonia was nearby and the site was on an important cross road. Gomji Grad, the upper town, was granted royal freedom of a city in 1241. Both parts of the city remained autonomous and were in fact rivals until their unification in 1850. Today Kaptol is the city center and Gomji Grad is called Gradec. In the 17th century the city enjoyed cultural and intellectual development with the founding of its university.
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