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With British victory came changes in the nature of trade. Usa best cities to visit The free trade that had existed prior to the outbreak of war was now controlled through British outposts, where English garrisons could regulate the flow of goods. Although the Seneca were not pleased with this new arrangement, as their participation in Pontiac’s Rebellion shows, English promises to keep land-hungry settlers off the natives’ land were welcomed by the tribe. Yet in the years preceding the Country Revolution, English settlers continued to ignore the treaties between the Seneca and the English that forbade them to encroach on Iroquois land. When the war began, the whole of the Iroquois Confederacy chose to remain neutral.
As the war raged on, however, the Iroquois began to see more and more battles fought near or on their settlements. Convinced that the Revolutionary soldiers were the same men who desired their lands, the Seneca sided with the British; this alliance proved disastrous to the Seneca after the war. Although the Seneca had never actually been defeated in battle, the newly formed United States government viewed them as a defeated people. This status put the Seneca at a disadvantage in negotiating later treaties, whereby they tried to hold onto what little land they had left. Craig Miller See also: Iroquois Confederacy; Native Country-European Conflict; Native Country-European Relations; Native Countrys. Bibliography Francello, Joseph A. The Seneca World of Ga-No-Say-Yeh. New York: Peter Lang, 1989. Jennings, Francis. The Ambiguous Iroquois Empire. New York: W. W. Norton, 1984. Wallace, Anthony F. C. The Death and Rebirth of the Seneca. New York: Vintage Books, 1972.