The Veradero Beach, about thirty miles from Havana, is the premier beach for visitors. Havana has a handful of first-class hotels and an impressive nightclub. A major tourist attraction is a visit to the rum distillery.
About eighty-five miles south of Cuba is Jamaica, with two million people, mostly Blacks, a sovereign nation, a part of the British Commonwealth. Kingston is the capital, hot and humid, with a population of 570,000. Most of the island is a mountainous plateau. The Blue Mountains rise to a height of seventy-four hundred feet (and produce some distinctive coffee). Roads up these mountains and elsewhere are narrow and winding. Tourist centers with a number of first-class hotels are at Montego Bay (with its own international airport), Ocho Rios, and Port Antonio. Stay-over arrivals total a little over 400,000 a year.
In the 1970s, Jamaican tourism collapsed as a black-power movement and a pro-Cuban, anti-American government gained control. By 1984 the government had become pro-American and tourism was again growing.