The archbishops of Salzburg have resided in the magnificent Residenz since 1595. Stunning baroque Prunkraume (state rooms) have gigantic ceiling fres coes, gilded furniture, Flemish tapestries from the 1600s, and ornate stucco work. A gallery exhibits 16th- to 19th-century art. (Open daily 10am-5pm. 7.30, students 5.50; audio guide included.)


Hawthorn at Newcastle manufactured the engine and ancillary machinery. She had one deck, two tiers of beams, four cemented bulkheads, a 28.04-m quarter-deck, a 7.06-m bridge deck and 10.05-m forecastle. The ship was originally 1,493-tons but was altered some time later. On 17 March 1917, HMT Caledonia was off Newton Point, Northumberland, on her way from Aberdeen to Lowestoft for fitting out as a Special Service vessel, when the KDM submarine SMU UC 50, commanded by Kapitanleutnant Rudolf Seuffer, captured her. At 1500 hrs and 20 miles E by S of Longstone, UC 50 had stopped and sunk the 181-ton British trawler Kestrel; the crew was ordered into the lifeboat but her skipper was taken prisoner. Then, at 1600 hrs, the Caledonia was sighted. She was flying the White Ensign, but quickly hauled it down and surrendered and the crew was taken on board the submarine.

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