A business and handicraft settlement already existed here in the 11th century at the cross road of the important European trading routes protected by the Libzi Castle. In 1165 Leipzig had freedom of the town which enabled it to hold foreign trade fairs and is regarded as the birth certificate of the Leipzig Trade Fair which celebrated its 825th jubilee in 1990. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was one of the many celebrities who studied at the University founded in 1409, the second oldest after Heidelberg. Johann Sebastian Bach also composed most of his work here (1685-1750).
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