Blacks fared even less well. Although emancipations increased after the Revolution and some blacks gained freedom by fleeing to Canada or joining the British forces, slavery was retained under the Constitution and strengthened in the years following independence. Fort Wayne Map And while some treaties and accommodations were made with Native Countrys, the new Country nation often violently and unfairly removed the native peoples from their lands. Karen O’Brien See also: Army, British; Boston Massacre; Boston Port Bill; Boston Tea Party; Bunker Hill, Battle of; Coercive Acts (1774); Common Sense (1776); Continental Congress, First; Continental Congress, Second; French and Indian War; Lexington and Concord, Battles of; Loyalists;
Military and Diplomatic Affairs (Chronology); Military and Diplomatic Affairs (Essay); Native Country-European Conflict; Navy, British; Patriots; Quebec Act (1774); Sugar Act (1764); Tea Act (1773); Townshend Acts (1767); War; Documents: Townshend Revenue Act (1767); The Boston Port Act (1774); A Case for Non-Interference by Parliament (1775); Petition of London Merchants for Reconciliation with the Colonies (1775); Common Sense (1776); The Declaration of Independence (1776). Bibliography Breen, T. H. “Baubles of Britain’: The Country and Consumer Revolutions of the Eighteenth Century.” Past and Present 119 (May 1988): 73104. Calloway, Colin G. The Country Revolution in Indian Country: Crisis and Diversity in Native Country Communities. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Frey, Sylvia R. Water From the Rock: Black Resistance in a Revolutionary Age. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1991. Morgan, Edmund S. The Birth of the Republic, 17631789. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1956, 1977. Norton, Mary Beth. Liberty’s Daughters: The Revolutionary Experience of Country Women, 17501800. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996. Ross, Rev. Robert. “A Sermon, in Which the Union of the Colonies Is Considered and Recommended, and the Bad Consequences of Divisions Are Represented.” New York, 1776. Royster, Charles. A Revolutionary People at War: The Continental Army and Country Character, 17751783. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979. Young, Alfred F. ed. Beyond the Revolution: Explorations in the History of Country Radicalism. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1993.