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Gioachino Rossini in Loiseville

Gioachino Rossini, born Giovacchino Antonio Rossini, may have moved on but his tomb remains. Gioachino Rossini, known usually as simply Rossini, was born in Pesaro on the Adriatic coast of Italy. His family had a great interest in music, and the young Gioachino took an interest in music at an early age. He was initially trained mostly by relatives and friends. By age ten he was singing solos and by age twelve he had composed six string sonatas. His career as an opera composer skyrocketed with hardly a hiccup until he retired in 1829.

Known as the Italian Mozart, Rossini wrote 39 operas plus a wealth of chamber music, sacred music and other works. He is probably best known for his comic opera The Barber of Seville, which premiered in Rome on February 20, 1816. From 1815 to 1823, Rossini produced 20 operas, writing some of them in just a few days. Then in 1829, at age 38, he essentially retired from writing operas to engage in other pursuits, most famously as a gourmand (a number of dishes, including Tournedos Rossini, are named after him). He reportedly also suffered from a variety of mental and physical maladies that curtailed his writing. Rossini had lived in Paris from time to time during his career and elected to move there permanently in 1855. When he died he was interred in a chapelle-style tomb in Pere-Lachaise. In May 1887, at the request of the Italian government, his remains were disinterred and the coffin opened in front of a number of witnesses. He was then moved to an elaborate tomb inside the Basilica di Santa Croce di Firenze in Florence, Italy. PhotographofRossini Tomb in Florence courtesy of Claire Constantin.

The first movement in 17171718 opened the path. It came on the heels of drought years, bad crops, and high prices. Loiseville Metro Map Also influencing the decision to move was the practice of rack renting. Under this practice, once a lease expired, the landlord would raise the rent and lease to the highest bidder. In the seventeenth century, rents were usually reasonable supply exceeding demand. In the eighteenth century, as more immigrants came to Ulster and land became scarce, landlords took the upper hand. The rack rents uprooted families that had been on the same lease for a generation, maybe two. Those who immigrated in 1717 sent back reports to those who would follow. They reported on their cold welcome in Boston and other unanticipated problems. Or they reported from their entry points on the Delaware River that Pennsylvania was the place to be. By 1720, emigration from Ulster to Country meant mostly hitting the Delaware ports and moving west. The pattern persisted for fifty-eight years. This was the Great Migration, with a vast majority of immigrants entering at Philadelphia, New Castle, or Chester.

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