They were ruled by cheiftons and their warriors welded bronze weapons. They developed a heavy slashing sword, which they used like a meat cleaver against their opponents who they
presumably conquered by force. They had carts,
which were pulled by oxen or horses. They domesticated cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses and dogs. They hunted deer, boar and elk and fished, they raised crops of wheat, barley and
millet. Urnfield cultures first appeared in east-central Europe and northern Italy and have been identified in the British Isles, France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Poland, Hungary, Slovenia, Albania, and the Ukraine.
Map Of Germany And Austria Photo Gallery
Political Map of Germany, Austria
The Iron Age: 800 BC-15 BC (1 minute)
The first Celtic culture known as the Hallstatt Culture is named after a late pre-historic salt-mining site in the town of Hallstatt located on Lake Hallstatt in western Austria 30
miles southeast of Salzburg associated with an early Iron Age cemetery of over 3,000 graves on a mountain slope. The salt mines at Hallstatt were worked in the Bronze Age by an Urnfield Culture continuing to be worked into the Iron Age by the first Celts. The Hallstatt people were a herding people who entered the European forest with the aid of Ox drawn wagons and the use of iron to pursue farming. Hallstatt chieftains traded with the Mediterranean world of the Greeks, Etruscans, Phoenicians and Carthaginians. The Hallstatt culture extended from western Austria to southern Germany, eastern France and northeast Spain.
Around 400 BC the La Tene Celtic tribes of Norici and Taurisci invaded the eastern Alps and by 200 BC they established the Kingdom of Noricum.
2. Roman Austria: 15 BC-AD 488 (3 minutes)
The Remains of the Roma city of Carnuntum in Petronell in lower Austria
The Celtic Kingdom of Noricum roughly comprised today’s central Austria and parts of Bavaria. The Kingdom that was on the frontier of the Roman Empire was under attack from Germanic
tribes to the north for their rich iron reserves and strategic importance. The Roman Empire who was also fighting the Germanic tribes occupied Noricum in 15 BC peacefully, as the people of Noricum welcomed the protection of Rome. The Romans had been defeated by the Germanic tribe of the Cheruscii in the Teutoberg Forest (in modern Germany) and had retreated to the Danube. Other provinces that were established by the Romans around this time were: Rhaetia that includes the Tirol states of modern Austria, eastern Switzerland and parts of Germany, Pannonia a region that included eastern Austria, Hungary and Slovenia.